Glossary of Terms: Artificial Eyes and Ocularists
Artificial Eye: An artificial eye is an acrylic eye that can restore the appearance of the face.
Anopia: absence of eyes.
Anophthalmia:congenital absence of eyes.
Canthus: (medial)- demarcation between the sclera and nasal corner of the eye.
Collarette: color ring around the pupil.
Conformer: plastic or silicone shell usually inserted after surgery to Help form the socket and support the eyelids.
Conjunctiva: mucous membrane that lines the eye socket and covers the implant.
Cornea: clear covering on the eye.
Cul-de-sacs: tissue pockets within the socket cavity.
Enucleation: an operation where the globe of the eye is removed and a surgical implant is fitted to replace it.
Evisceration: involves replacing the contents of the globe with a surgical implant. Both enucleation and evisceration involve the conjunctiva being sutured across the front of the implant.
Eye Prosthesis: yet another name for an artificial eye.
Glass Eye: before the use of acrylic, artificial eyes were often made out of glass. This is very rare now, but may still be required in some special situations.
Implant: Usually a spherical device placed in the socket at time of surgery to replace orbit volume after removal of the eye or its contents. Normally made of acrylic Plastic, Silicone or Bio-compatible material.
Inferior: lower, as in inferior eyelid.
Integrated Implant: an implant such as (Bio-eye) or (Medpor) that allows the muscles of the eye to be directly attached to it, and in turn transfers the motion from the implant to the artificial eye via a peg system.
Ocularist: the person who makes your artificial eye.
Prosthetic Eye: another name for an artificial eye. The word prosthetic simply means an artificial part of the body.
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